One of the problems of gum disease is that it eventually affects the bone that supports the teeth. Usually, bacteria grow in the pockets around the tooth.
Osseous or Gum Surgery is a process by which the affected bone is reshaped to reduce the depth of the pockets where bacteria grow. This technique is often recommended when other treatments such as scaling and root planing have failed to repair the pocket.
Osseous or Gum surgery involves the following steps:
- 1. Identification of the problem tooth or teeth
- 2. A tooth is in need of repair when a pocket develops around a tooth, which has a pocket depth of 5mm or more. An additional indicator maybe redness, inflammation, bleeding or swollenness in the gums surrounding the area.
- 3. Local anesthesia is applied to the affected area.
- 4. An incision is made in the gum tissue to access the root of the tooth and bone that holds it in place.
- 5. Once the root surface is visible to the dentist, he thoroughly cleanses the surface with handheld dental instruments.
- 6. Next is the reshaping of the bone to even it out, so that pockets don’t develop further. The bone that is reshaped then recovers fast as the body rushes to heal the area.
- 7. Next the gum tissue is sutured so it’s in perfect alignment with the new bone structure shape. The stitches hold it together while the gum heals and regains its strength.
The surgery will cause some pain afterward since an incision has been made and stitching has been done. Your dentist will prescribe antibiotics and painkillers, and also recommend some precautions such as mild brushing for a couple of days, what kinds of food to eat, and so on. You’ll get a complete list of instructions for your after-surgery care.