Dr. VadivelSpecial Report By Dr. Vadivel


(Deep Cleaning, Scaling, Root Planing, Osseous Surgery, LANAP Laser)

This report includes 6 Secrets To Beat Gum Disease and What to Do to Start The Process

“I had my 4 wisdom teeth removed and a deep cleaning. This was my first time to the dentist in over 30 years and it was a very good experience. I was a little scared at first but the whole staff was very patient and good to me and explained everything in detail and just very friendly making sure that I was comfortable throughout the whole procedure. you can tell that Dr.Vadivel and his staff really do care about their patients. I would recommend anyone and everyone to come here.” – Janey G

Dear friend,

There’s a hidden epidemic of something in America that many people don’t know a thing about… it’s something that affects one out of every three adults over the age of 30. This mysterious illness isn’t something like cancer or a cold or the flu. It’s a lot more insidious (hidden) than that.

This stealthy attacker goes right after the tissues in your mouth. Some people have a mild case of it while others have a very advanced form of it.

Once adults hit the ages of 65 and over, the hidden epidemic claims victims amounting to 70% of the population, according to the studies in the Journal of Dental Research, the official publication of the International and American Association for Dental Research.

If left to progress on its own, this dental disease can claim deaths to its honor. You could actually end up dying of a heart attack because this disease bacteria can spread to the heart.

Imagine how horrible it would be for your children and grandchildren to talk about the cause of your death: “Yeah, Grandpa and Grandma both died of a heart attack caused by dental disease… If only they could have brushed their teeth more, they would still be around…”

Do you want to take a guess at what the hidden enemy is?

You may have guessed right… it’s periodontal or gum disease.

Who I Am And Why I Can Tell You About This Topic

I’m Dr. Kumar Vadivel, your neighborhood dentist. I want you to beat the odds on periodontal disease. I’ve been a dentist for over 24 years, and I know you can do this if you set your mind to it…

I want to take some time to tell you how.

I realize that most dentists really don’t have the time it takes to sit down with each one of their patients and explain what is really going on with periodontal disease – and why it’s so important.

That’s why I’m so glad I can educate you through this Special Report about your gum health and the diseases that attack them.

In fact, my goal is a lot bigger than this. My big goal is for you to go through your whole life with a full set of teeth and not die of heart disease that started from gum disease. I realize that right now you could be suffering from beginning or advanced periodontal disease and might need treatment right away. Many people do.

I realize that unless the infection in the gum tissues is cleaned out, whatever else you do won’t allow you to make headway and beat the disease.

You could brush your teeth five times a day, floss after every meal and see the hygienist three times a year. But until the infection in your gums is cleaned out, all of this doesn’t impact the condition much at all.

So first, I’ll tell you about gum disease and why everyone is at risk to get it. Then I’ll tell you a few secrets about how to stop it. Next I’ll talk about the different treatments we now use in our office for gum disease, and finally I’ll finish up with some additional secrets about how to stop it.

Then you can make your own decision on what you want to do about your periodontal disease. You’ll be totally informed and I trust you will make the best decision for yourself.

This way, you will actually have HOPE, and know that any dental treatment you have to have right now is only opening the way for the rest of the healing on your journey to beat it. I want you to think HOPE, not that you’ll end up as part of the statistic.

Remember, it’s all up to you… they are YOUR teeth, and what you do to them matters!

What is the Real Cause of Periodontal Disease?

Dentists believe that Periodontal disease is caused by the bacteria in your mouth. But we have to look beyond this as a cause of disease. How do the bacteria get there in the first place?

All foods you eat carry bacteria unless you microwave your foods. Microwaving kills all life forms in foods. Raw foods, like fruits, vegetables, raw nuts and raw seeds and fermented foods like sauerkraut and kimchee have probiotics in them that are deposited onto your teeth, on your tongue and onto the roof of your mouth as well as along the gumline. They make up your mouth flora.

On the other hand, processed foods break down easily in your mouth from your saliva and adhere to the teeth, especially if they have sugars in them. That’s when bad bacteria show up in high numbers. The bacteria is there to try to break these down, but toxins are secreted in the process. These toxins can pit the enamel, start a cavity, and erode away the gum and bone tissues.

By the way, not only do bacteria make up your mouth flora, but they also line your whole intestinal tract. Some other names for these bacteria include:

• probiotics

• microbiome

• microflora

Secret #1 to Help You Beat Gum Disease

Your microflora has a ratio of good and bad bacteria in it and the key is to have many more good bacteria in the composition to keep your mouth healthy. Once the balance favors the bad bacteria, disease sets in.

When you have more good bacteria in your mouth, the gum disease starts to subside. In fact, there have been some dental studies done where the researchers showed that by adding some specific bacteria or flora to your mouth by chewing a probiotic tablet daily for 60-90 days, the gum disease improved significantly.

What this study tells us loud and clear is that it’s not only bacteria that causes gum disease. All bacteria are not in the same category. It’s the bad bacteria that causes gum disease, not the good bacteria, which protect your teeth and gums. There are specific strains of bad bacteria that do the evil deed of destroying your mouth.

And yet, when the good bacteria is reintroduced, there’s a war that occurs with the bad bacteria. Since the good ones now far outnumber the bad ones, you end up making gains in your own battle against gum disease.

You may not realize it but I just gave you Secret #1 on how to combat and overcome gum disease. Fight the bad bacteria with good ones. You can actually look online and find some companies that make probiotics for the mouth. Usually they are ones designed to help those with sinus conditions, another case where the bacteria in the mouth and throat are not in the correct ratios.

Secret #2 to Help You Beat Gum Disease

Secret #2 is to eat those probiotic foods. This is something you never learned in high school health classes. Therefore, no one can blame you. You could have grown up in a home where no one ever ate yogurt, drank kefir milk, consumed raw milk or raw cheese, ate freshly made sauerkraut, kimchee or fermented vegetables.

This doesn’t matter much, because you can start eating them now.

Even one serving a day of any of these foods will go far to help you in your fight against gum disease.

If you do, your gums would be better off for this simple health habit. If you already have gum disease, we can assume that the flora in your mouth and gut is not correct.

Oh, and here’s another thing to know: It’s possible that you could have eaten those probiotic foods in your life but still have gum disease.

Remember that once you have the infections along your gum line, they have to be removed. You need your dentist to put you back on the track of healing if you want a wholesome recovery.

Who Gets Periodontal Disease?

One researcher from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) who is also an epidemiologist is Paul Eke, MPH, PhD. This expert studies where diseases occur and who gets them. He spent many years breaking down the statistics of periodontal disease. He wanted to make sure people knew if they would be at risk for developing it.

What he found was that:

Men have a greater chance of getting periodontal disease than women, 56.4% compared to 45.6%.

Mexican Americans have the worst odds of getting gum disease out of any racial group, 66.7% or two out of every three.

If you never finished high school, you’re actually at the highest risk – 66.9%!

• Those at the poverty level are next in line for periodontal disease, at 65.4% of all of this group.

Smokers have the next worst odds, coming in at 64.2%.

You can see from these statistics that they aren’t 20 or 30%, or one out of every five or every three people. The statistics are two out of every three people – and that’s a lot!

Dr. Eke concluded that what is needed most are public health programs that have a goal of improving the health of the mouth, gums, and teeth.

Do you see that what all these people on the list of who gets periodontal disease have in common is the same thing: they most likely don’t know how to care for their mouth because no one taught them, and their flora is not correct.

Types of Gum Diseases

The two most common types of gum diseases are Gingivitis and Periodontitis.

Bad Bacteria waste no time at destroying your gums and teeth. Bad bacteria are at work 24/7. When they multiply to a high number, they form plaque. The plaque is deposited on your teeth and around the gums. When it is not removed, the soft plaque hardens and becomes tartar that has to be chipped off or picked off with dental tools.

The longer that plaque stays in your mouth, the more bad problems are occurring – without you knowing or realizing it.


One of these problems is Gingivitis, an inflammation of your gums.

Get a mirror and look at your teeth right now. Look at the gums immediately surrounding each one of your teeth. Are they pink or red? This is the primary sign of gingivitis.

If they are red, it means the inflammation is occurring in your gums. The bacteria and tartar have built up and are causing this inflammation. Usually, this may not be enough to result in a tooth or more to fall out – unless you don’t go to the dentist for several years…

The good news is that the tartar – which unfortunately cannot be removed by brushing or flossing – can be removed by the dental hygienist or the dentist.

Some other signs of gingivitis include:

    • bleeding gums when you brush your teeth

    • pain at the gum line

    • tooth sensitivity at certain areas of your mouth from hot or cold temperatures

    • receding gums

    • persistent bad breath no matter how much you brush your teeth or eat mints

    • visible plaque around your gums or teeth

    • swollen gums

It’s a case that requires professional intervention.

And again, I want to stress that Secrets #1 and #2 will not work until you have professional intervention to take care of the situation.

You might be wondering, if gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums, then what is Periodontitis?


Periodontitis is the advanced and untreated stage of Gingivitis. It means inflammation in the tooth area, and as a result, your gums pull away from the teeth and form spaces in between.

You will notice loose teeth, painful chewing and a change in the way your teeth feel when you are eating. You may also see new spaces developing between your teeth. These spaces are called pockets that become infected by bacteria and spread beneath your gum line.

That’s when your body wages an all-out war. Your immune system fights the mouth bacteria. In this fight, the connective tissues supporting your teeth and holding them in place – like the ligaments, bone and gum tissue – are destroyed.

When the condition is not caught in time, Periodontitis may mean one, two, or three or more teeth lost in your mouth. And that’s not a very attractive smile!

Secret #3 to Help You Beat Gum Disease

It’s time for another secret. I hope you are taking notes – because by the end of this report, you will have a whole plan of what to do to overcome gum disease after you remove the infection below the level of the teeth right now.

The secret is that some of the habits you may have right now are putting you at high risk of developing gum disease.

1. Smoking – Think about it seriously – is there any way you can start smoking fewer cigarettes daily? Smoking contributes to gum disease.

2. Eating a diet that causes diabetes – You know what type of foods you should not be eating. You know what type of foods cause diabetes: foods with sugar, high fructose corn syrup, and ones that are processed. Wheat also has been highly linked with diabetes. Are your teeth worth giving up these foods? Is your health worth giving up these foods? You make the decision!

3. Having Diabetes – Having diabetes isn’t exactly a lifestyle habit, but if you’re doing nothing that will reverse your diabetes, you are contributing to your gum disease – and diabetes.

There are many alternative health strategies that are used by Integrative Medicine and Functional Medicine medical doctors to reverse diabetes. Make these alternative health strategies part of your daily habits and you’ll influence your gum disease.

4. Taking medications that lower saliva production

It may be surprising to you but over 400 different medications cause dry mouth and not enough saliva in the mouth. This then prevents the natural washing of the mouth’s tissues and encourages gum disease.

Here’s a list of some of the general categories of medications that could be contributing to your gingivitis or periodontitis:

Calcium channel blockers – these inhibit saliva secretion

ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitors

• Drugs for urinary incontinence

• Medications used to treat schizophrenia and obsessive-compulsive disorder

• Medications used to treat bipolar disorder

• Medications used for treating delusions and psychotic depression

• Drugs given to patients for Huntington’s disease

Tricyclic antidepressants

• Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MOAs)

• Drugs for Parkinson’s disease

• Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors for depression, norepinephrine and dopamine reuptake inhibitors (NDRIs)

Antibiotics used to treat pneumonia, bronchitis, sinus, ear and skin infections

Antihistamines in all forms

Anti-diarrhea medications

Anti-ulcer medications

• Medications for GERD or Acid Reflux

Proton pump inhibitors

Bronchodilators for COPD, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema

Opiates for pain relief


Interestingly, the older you are, the more likely that you are taking some of these medications. This is why the chance of developing gum disease increases so drastically when you are older than 45.

What is Gum Therapy?

Gum or Periodontal therapy is a way to combat gum problems and restore healthy gums. It promotes the regeneration of the gums. Gum therapy uses surgery as well as non-surgical techniques that include the following: Scaling and root planning, osseous surgery, and LANAP Laser.

Scaling and Root Planing

Scaling and Root Planing is a deep cleaning technique that removes the plaque and tartar from beneath the gum line.

You might not know it but your dental hygienist only gets the plaque and tartar that is closest to the surface. They never go down deep enough to remove it all.

A dentist uses hand scalers and ultrasonic instruments in the scaling and root planing process. The procedure can be performed on your entire mouth in a single visit or divided into several different appointments, whereby only one or two quadrants of your mouth is scaled and root planed. Your dentist can tell you the advantages and disadvantages of each of the options.

Here’s how the procedure is done:

1. Before this surgery, the gum is numbed with local anesthesia.

2. The area under your gum line is cleaned to remove the tartar. The process involves shaping the root

of your tooth to prevent further deposits of plaque in the area.

3. Once the process is complete, you go home and wait for the anesthesia to wear off. You then resume normal life and normal eating habits unless your Dentist prescribes some medication or makes certain recommendations.

Osseous or Gum Surgery

One of the problems of gum disease is that it eventually affects the bone that supports the teeth. Usually, bacteria grow in the pockets around the tooth.

Osseous or Gum Surgery is a process by which the affected bone is reshaped to reduce the depth of the pockets where bacteria grow. This technique is often recommended when other treatments such as scaling and root planing have failed to repair the pocket.

Osseous or Gum surgery involves the following steps:

1. Identification of the problem tooth or teeth

2. A tooth is in need of repair when a pocket develops around a tooth, which has a pocket depth of 5mm or more. An additional indicator maybe redness, inflammation, bleeding or swollenness in the gums surrounding the area.

3. Local anesthesia is applied to the affected area.

4. An incision is made in the gum tissue to access the root of the tooth and bone that holds it in place.

5. Once the root surface is visible to the dentist, he thoroughly cleanses the surface with handheld dental instruments.

6. Next is the reshaping of the bone to even it out, so that pockets don’t develop further. The bone that is reshaped then recovers fast as the body rushes to heal the area.

7. Next the gum tissue is sutured so it’s in perfect alignment with the new bone structure shape. The stitches hold it together while the gum heals and regains its strength.

The surgery will cause some pain afterward since an incision has been made and stitching has been done. Your dentist will prescribe antibiotics and painkillers, and also recommend some precautions such as mild brushing for a couple of days, what kinds of food to eat, and so on. You’ll get a complete list of instructions for your after-surgery care.

LANAP Laser Gum Therapy

Laser-Assisted New Attachment Procedure (LANAP), as the name suggests is a laser-assisted surgical process, which cleans out the infections below the gum line and in the bacteria-infected pocket.

In one 2007 study, LANAP had impressive results – it successfully reduced pocket depths and allowed regeneration of connective tissue to grow and fill in the areas damaged by the bacteria. Laser essentially vaporizes the bacteria causing the bone loss. Laser is known for its effects on stimulating the regeneration of collagen tissue and it worked here in the application on the teeth, too.

The LANAP is one of the advanced dentist’s successful strategies that make a big difference in reversing these gum diseases. Make sure you ask your dentist about LANAP if you have periodontal diseases.

Now that you know the different treatments that really get in the mouth and clean out the bacteria and the pockets, it’s time to learn what you’re going to do afterwards to prevent the same problem from happening again.

You might realize right now that some of these new treatments for gum disease were never offered to you in the past. You see that they are incredibly valuable and realize that it’s a comprehensive program you need, and you finally understand what your role in the process is. You’re ready to proceed right now and want to book an appointment.

To schedule a consultation with me, Dr. Vadivel at ToothHQ Dental Specialists, give us a call at our office today at 214-304-7561.

It’s time for a few more SECRETS of overcoming this problem once and for all.

But first, I want you to make sure you understand what types of procedures I do in my dental office.

Why Should You Consider Seeing Me at ToothHQ Dental Specialists?

At ToothHQ Dental Specialists, we have embraced some of the latest technologically-advanced equipment to help me detect what’s really happening in your mouth. We offer a free CAT scan and consultation exams, too.

We are located at two locations and always available for consultation. Also, not only are we concerned about your health but our professionals provide health tips to our patients. We actually pride ourselves on the fact that our professional staff is friendly and very compassionate.

Our goal is to take care of you and your family for life.

Other Specialized Services are Available

I do want you also to know that I don’t only specialize in gum treatments. I offer almost every type of dental procedure that patients need in my office. Most of your dental needs are ones I treat, and include the following:

Advanced 3-Dimensional X-Rays – These are definitely one of the advancements of modern dentistry. The ability to see your teeth in three dimensions is a way of insuring that nothing is missed.

“I absolutely cannot express how awesome my dental visit was! The office staff was AMAZING! Dr. Vadivel was so patient and explained everything to me in full-detail! My extraction was done before I knew it! I couldn't believe it! I will forever be a patient to Dr. Vadivel and will refer all my family and friends!! Very affordable!! GET THERE FAST!!! “ – India S.

• Bone Grafting – In cases of bone loss, usually from periodontal disease, adding small pieces of bone stimulates the rest of the bone to remodel itself. As a result, the bone is built up by the latest techniques dentistry offers.

• Cosmetic Dentistry – Teeth whitening, correcting crowding or alignment problems, applying veneers or crowns to craft a more uniform-looking, bright smile. Achieving your best possible smile is the goal and we work with the Best Team of Dentists to help you with this.

• Same Day Implant Dentures for Missing Teeth Replacement

• Emergency Dental Treatment

“Same day emergency service, folks. Great experience and healed up quickly.” -- Alicia Franz-Wann

Some Last Things You Should Know

1. No Reprimands in the Office

I do want you to know that when you make an appointment for your initial consultation with me, no matter how long it has been since you had dental work, I will not scold or embarrass you!

Why some dentists do that is beyond me… I see you as a person of how you are right now in time. There’s no need to dwell on the past, other than to find out what problems you had in the past that contributed to where you are now.

But after that, it’s time to jump onto the track where you get that great smile back that you have wanted for some time. You get the respect from others you deserve and there’s no more discrimination against you simply because you were in the dental hell time warp/black hole.

2. You Choose the Level of Pain You’ll Have in the Dental Chair

And if you have had far too much pain while sitting in other dentists’ chairs in the past, I want you to be comforted in knowing that I use some of the advanced methods of decreasing pain during a dental visit. It’s another of my specialties.

I take pride in this… and my patients have no qualms about booking regular check-ups or cleanings or even fillings because they know I will treat them right.

3. Other Specialized Services are Available

I do want you also to know that in addition to dental implants I also specialize in other areas of Dentistry. I offer almost every type of dental procedure that patients need in my office. Most of your dental needs are ones I treat, and include the following:

Gum Therapy – This includes using dental lasers, plastic surgery for your gums to make them look right, regenerative surgery using bone grafts to rebuild missing bone and gums, and specialized antibiotics to treat resistant gum disease. All these methods are making huge strides in dentistry.

Advanced 3-Dimensional CAT Scan X-Rays – These are definitely one of the advancements of modern dentistry. The ability to see your teeth in three dimensions is a way of insuring that nothing is missed.

Wisdom Teeth Removal & Extractions – Impacted teeth cause a lot of pain and can get infected.

“I absolutely cannot express how awesome my dental visit was! The office staff was AMAZING! Dr. Vadivel was so patient and explained everything to me in full-detail! My extraction was done before I knew it! I couldn't believe it! I will forever be a patient to Dr. Vadivel and will refer all my family and friends!! Very affordable!! GET THERE FAST!!! “ – India S.

Bone Grafting – In cases of bone loss, usually from periodontal disease, adding small pieces of bone stimulates the rest of the bone to remodel itself. As a result, the bone is built up.

Cosmetic Dentistry – Teeth whitening, correcting crowding or alignment problems, applying veneers or crowns to craft a more uniform-looking, bright smile. Achieving your best possible smile is the goal and we work with the Best Team of Dentists to help you with this.

• Same Day Implant Dentures for Missing Teeth Replacement

• Emergency Dental Treatment

“Same day emergency service, folks. Great experience and healed up quickly.” – Alicia Franz-Wann

Oral Cancer Screening – Your medical doctor generally won’t check your mouth for mysterious sores, spots, lumps or bumps that could be cancer. Finding cancer early on is much better than finding it in the later stages. We screen for oral cancer.

Sedation Dentistry – Fear and anxiety about dental procedures is understandable when you have had a history of pain experienced in the dental chair. However, dentistry has advanced light years and knows now how to erase pain and how NOT to cause pain. If you have dental anxiety, we have different levels of sedation to choose from, ranging from minimal sedation where you are relaxed and conscious all the way to IV sedation.

“I had a major surgery done here and was a little scared at first. Dr. Vadivel and his nurses made sure I was comfy and ready. I had no issues with the surgery and almost no pain after. I've already handed out his card to multiple people and would recommend him to anyone. My surgery went great and in no time I'm gonna have my smile back. Thank you, Dr. Vadivel and all your nurses.” – John T.

All-on-Four Dental Implants – This has been explained in this special report. You don’t always need bone grafting with dental implants. With this technique, you won’t. The benefits of these are decreased cost, same day teeth, ease of maintenance, drastically improved aesthetics, potential for eating steak and other difficult foods after the procedure, and great clinical results.

Pin Hole Surgery – This type of surgical treatment for gum recession is done without scalpels, stitches and grafting. You have less discomfort during the procedure, and can expect faster healing time.

Here is one more testimonial from a long list of our happy patients:

“Helped me solve my recurring gum ulcers issue. The Doctor was very experienced and told me things about my kind of gum ulcer I did not even know. I was able to get a biopsy done on the same day, which I have never had done before. Was a quick and simple procedure.” – Osayawe A.     My Last 3 Secrets for You To Overcome Gum Disease

My Last 3 Secrets for You To Overcome Gum Disease

I promised you I would give you several secrets that will help you stay gum disease free for a long time after you have reversed the process with my treatments and your personal care.

Below are three additional secrets I want you to know:

Secret #4 to Help You Beat Gum Disease

Your fourth secret is to use an electric toothbrush for your daily cleaning and brushing of your teeth. Don’t use an ordinary electric toothbrush. Instead, use the best: Sonicare (not Oral-B).

Why? Because studies show that Sonicare is the best.

In a 1997 study done at Northwestern University Dental School in Chicago, researchers tested 66 adults with periodontitis with the two different toothbrushes. The patients had pockets of 5-7 mm in at least two quadrants of the mouth over six months.

You should know that patients in both groups – both the Sonicare and the Oral-B groups improved their overall plaque scores. BUT here’s the bottom line – the percentage reduction in inflammation of the gums was 31.9% for Sonicare and only 18.1% for Braun. The probing depth was reduced by 0.84 mm (15.8%) at six months for Sonicare and only 0.39 mm (7.2%) in the Braun group.

Overall, this study shows that both can help gum disease but the Sonicare is superior to the Braun electric toothbrush.

Secret #5 to Help You Beat Gum Disease

Using a water flosser is a big key to your success at overcoming gum disease.

The reason why is because there’s over 50 years of positive studies on it. The water flosser is a device that costs less than $50 and sprays a targeted stream of water at the gum line and between the teeth.

Water flossers remove biofilm from tooth surfaces and bacteria from periodontal pockets. It’s 34% better than string flossing and manual toothbrushing together or alone.

Interestingly, the water flossing device was 52% more effective for plaque reduction, 34-70% more effective for whole mouth bleeding from gingivitis, and 23-48% more effective for gingivitis.

The water pik or water flosser is indispensable to the health of your oral tissues, including your gums.

Secret #6 to Help You Beat Gum Disease

Chewing hard foods daily is the final secret. Many people don’t realize that chewing carrots, celery and apples can go far for their oral health. Your teeth were made for chewing and this stimulation stimulates your nervous system. It’s essential for overall health.

Not only do these foods clean the teeth mechanically and possibly remove biofilm, but they also give you nutrients and plenty of fiber. You’ll feel better by chewing them as well.

Interestingly, the process of chewing stimulates the different organs in the body, as each tooth is connected to an energy meridian of a particular organ.

So do make it a habit to chew those vegetables!

And as a final word of recommendation, remember that regular brushing and flossing is the best way to steer clear of all types of gum diseases and dental problems.

Can You Prevent Gum Diseases?

By now, you have my formula for how to do it.

1. Clean out all areas of the infection with some of the latest methods of dentistry.

2. Never miss a day of brushing and water flossing your teeth.

3. Use a Sonicare toothbrush.

4. Chew hard foods daily.

5. Eat probiotic foods daily in your diet.

6. Stop eating sugar and foods that destroy your teeth.

7. Work on improving your overall health so you don’t have to take drugs that decrease your saliva

production in the mouth.

8. Take a probiotic supplement that restores the balance of bacteria in your mouth.

9. Get regular cleanings to fill in the gaps of your personal hygiene program.

10. Stop smoking.

Let’s take care of your gum disease once and for all. We can do it together.